A Speech and Language Therapist (SALT) is certified to work with children, Queens reading tutoring NY young folks and adults who have some type of communication disorder. It is often thought that a Speech and Language Therapist is simply able to help with actual speech manufacturing problems, however the truth is the range of companies is way wider.
What does a Speech and Language Therapist do?
A therapist working with children and younger people will initially assess each comprehension (understanding of language) and expressive language (how language is used).
The Therapist will look at numerous areas where difficulties may happen including:
* Vocabulary – types of words reminiscent of nouns (naming words), verbs (actions) and prepositions (in, on, under etc.)
* Understanding language buildings resembling following directions – eg. “brush dolly’s hair”, “give me the yellow pencil”
Spoken language could also be assessed for the following:
* Speech sounds – usually termed phonology. The child or younger person might not have sure speech sounds in their vocabulary, or may use them inappropriately eg. “canine” turns into “dod” (termed fronting) or “glove” turns into “glub” (termed stopping)
* Articulation difficulties – the manufacturing of speech sounds may be troublesome, presumably as a result of a physical downside akin to cleft lip/palate or poor dentition or perhaps a co-orindation drawback – Dyspraxia
* Fluency – is there any evidence of dysfluency (stammering) or basic hesitancy in speech
What might be carried out if the child/young individual has little or no speech?
Language isn’t solely the spoken word but can embrace communicating by numerous various methods. Some of the more frequent ways are:
* Image techniques – a simple line drawing is used to signify an object or concept eg. Makaton, Rebus, Mayer Johnson
* Pictures/picture techniques – actual photos or photos are used to point objects, activities etc.
* Signing programs – embody British Sign Language (BSL) and Makaton. These techniques use manual signs to convey that means
* Eye pointing – by using a special board with symbols or footage, it’s attainable for a parent or carer to interpret what the child/young person wants to speak by following their eye gaze until it stops at the merchandise they want. This can be helpful for children or young people who have physical difficulties and no speech.
* Communication aids – these can range from easy picture boards to complicated computers with voice synthesizers
What other aspects of communication are assessed?
Different areas which Speech and Language Therapists might have a look at and which underpin communication are:
Listening and attention skills/concentration – can the child or younger individual attend to a process? Not to be confused with a hearing impairment – the child or younger person may hear what is alleged however cannot concentrate sufficiently to process the knowledge
Play and that imagination – can the child play alone, alongside others (parallel play) or participate in group play? Is imaginative play present ? eg. putting doll to bed, pretend tea events
Social communication – can the child or young particular person interact with others? Do they perceive the principles of dialog, akin to flip taking, repairing conversations, keeping on topic and appropriate greetings?
Practical use of language – can the child/young individual use whatever system of communication is suitable to them to make choices, comment on occasions, query or refuse?
Behaviour – an lack of ability to speak may be very frustrating for the child/young particular person and may lead to agitated or challenging behaviour patterns.
How does the Speech and Language Therapist carry out the assessment?
The Speech and Language Therapist will have a look at all areas in which the child/younger particular person is experiencing difficulty.
* This may embrace commentary or direct working with them in various settings, corresponding to the house, school or college.
* Liaison with people who come into frequent contact with the child/younger individual can be very important. As well as parents, lecturers, carers, other health professionals etc. could also be consulted.
What occurs after assessment?
After a radical evaluation, remedy options are discussed which might embody one or more of the following options:
– Direct remedy – the therapist working with the child/younger individual on a 1:1 foundation
– Indirect therapy – a programme of work is carried out by a named particular person eg dad or mum, carer, teaching assistant under the steerage of a Speech and Language Therapist who displays progress and critiques the programme as needed
– Changes to communicative environment eg. ensuring an applicable symbols system is used in the home/classroom etc., advising on efficient communication and training employees the best way to use alternative methods of communication
Is the Speech and Language Therapist certified?
All Speech and Language Therapists will have undertaken a 3 or four yr degree course at university. Some therapists may have accomplished a submit graduate course after following a earlier degree. Candidates require three A levels to enter the course, though mature students may be accepted with equivalent qualifications.